Archivi categoria: natura
Dear Weight Loss,
your nickname perfectly interprets the most famous explicit written by Umberto Eco “stat rosa pristina nomine, nomina nuda tenemus” (Il Nome della Rosa) I would suggest this book. it has been translated into over 40 languages; you can easily choose your favorite, online too.
I think you really know what a blog could be: your diary, an autobiographical novel, an hobby, the place – all over the world a more open – where you can collect notes, aphorisms, concerns, comments, thoughts, ideas, problems, points, images, concepts, visions, concerns, notions, worries, anxieties, conceptions. And share them or not, if you believe your posts may not be of interest.
But I don’t think you’ve only lost the weight, Dear Loss: you lost the critical capacity, the deal in a curious way with the other, the different; with success and failure, between news and propaganda, between thinking and replicate. Between being original and ape.
The environment is therefore an area of particular concern to my business. I’ve read up on nuclear issues since College. That’s all. I read articles on Reuters Press Agency, i summarized and rewrote the core news on my blog. This is exactly what happens in every newspaper in the world every day. I do not care how many clicks or how many followers can visit my blog; I’m interested in what I feel, what I believe, what I dream and how the blog would help me and at the same time might help someone who shares the same thoughts, the same interests, the same vision. Or not. You’re free, unlimited and open to argue your opinions, not to shoot judgments or invent subtle insults disguised as criticism: I believe in the philosophy of Voltaire, but I can not explain how I feel about not being able to share this with you. Because of how I am, I could never write this kind of comments like yours. The origin of Western philosophy goes back to a sentence of Biante of Priene, the most famous of the Seven Sages. He said he preferred to judge a matter between two enemies, rather than between two friends, because in the first case would be procured a friend while in the second case one of his friends would be turned into an enemy. He argued that the sweetest thing for men is the hope and the thing most rejoice is the gain; also advised to love others like we were destined also to hate them, because most of the men is evil. He was asked to write a sentence wise on the pediment of the Temple of the Oracle at Delphi, and he engraved: “οἱ πλειστoι κακoί (the majority is bad).” The most are bad, that the majority of people is bad, or better yet the majority is bad. And you’ve discovered with your comment from a side.
Oceans’ acidic shift may be fastest in 300 mln years
* Study finds prehistoric clues about climate change impact
* Acid waters could endanger oysters, mussels, salmon
* Few parallels seen in 300-million-year record
WASHINGTON, March 1 (Reuters) – The world’s oceans are
turning acidic at what could be the fastest pace of any time in
the past 300 million years, even more rapidly than during a
monster emission of planet-warming carbon 56 million years ago,
scientists said on Thursday.
Looking back at that bygone warm period in Earth’s history
could offer help in forecasting the impact of human-spurred
climate change, researchers said of a review of hundreds of
studies of ancient climate records published in the journal
Quickly acidifying seawater eats away at coral reefs, which
provide habitat for other animals and plants, and makes it
harder for mussels and oysters to form protective shells. It can
also interfere with small organisms that feed commercial fish
The phenomenon has been a top concern of Jane Lubchenco, the
head of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, who has conducted demonstrations about
acidification during hearings in the U.S. Congress.
Oceans get more acidic when more carbon gets into the
atmosphere. In pre-industrial times, that occurred periodically
in natural pulses of carbon that also pushed up global
temperatures, the scientists wrote.
Human activities, including the burning of fossil fuels,
have increased the level of atmospheric carbon to 392 parts per
million from about 280 parts per million at the start of the
industrial revolution. Carbon dioxide is one of several
heat-trapping gases that contribute to global warming.
To figure out what ocean acidification might have done in
the prehistoric past, 21 researchers from the United States, the
United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany and Spain reviewed
studies of the geological record going back 300 million years,
looking for signs of climate disruption.
Those indications of climate change included mass extinction
events, where substantial percentages of living things on Earth
died off, such as the giant asteroid strike thought to have
killed the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago.
The events that seemed similar to what is happening now
included mass extinctions about 252 million and 201 million
years ago, as well as the warming period 56 million years in the
The researchers reckoned the 5,000-year hot spell 56 million
years ago, likely due to factors like massive volcanism, was the
closest parallel to current conditions at any time in the 300
To detect that, they looked at a layer of brown mud buried
under the Southern Ocean off Antarctica. Sandwiched between
layers of white plankton fossils, the brown mud indicated an
ocean so acidic that the plankton fossils from that particular
5,000-year period dissolved into muck.
During that span, the amount of carbon in the atmosphere
doubled and average temperatures rose by 10.8 degrees F (6
degrees C), the researchers said. The oceans became more acidic
by about 0.4 unit on the 14-point pH scale over that 5,000-year
period, the researchers said.
That is a fast warm-up and a quick acidification, but it is
small compared with what has happened on Earth since the start
of the industrial revolution some 150 years ago, study author
Baerbel Hoenisch of Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth
Observatory said by telephone.
EXTINCTIONS ON THE SEAFLOOR
During the warming period 56 million years ago, known as the
Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, or PETM, and occurring about 9
million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs,
acidification for each century was about .008 unit on the pH
scale, Hoenisch said.
Back then, many corals went extinct, as did many types of
single-celled organisms that lived on the sea floor, which
suggests other plants and animals higher on the food chain died
out too, researchers said.
By contrast, in the 20th century, oceans acidified by .1
unit of pH, and are projected to get more acidic at the rate of
.2 or .3 pH by the year 2100, according to the study.
The U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projects
world temperatures could rise by 3.2 to 7 degrees F (1.8 to 4
degrees C) this century.
“Given that the rate of change was an order of magnitude
smaller (in the PETM) compared to what we’re doing today, and
still there were these big ecosystem changes, that gives us
concern for what is going to happen in the future,” Hoenisch
Those skeptical of human-caused climate change often point
to past warming periods caused by natural events as evidence
that the current warming trend is not a result of human
activities. Hoenisch noted that natural causes such as massive
volcanism were probably responsible for the PETM.
She said, however, that the rate of warming and
acidification was much more gradual then, over the course of
five millennia compared with one century.
Richard Feely, an oceanographer at the U.S. National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration who was not involved in the
study, said looking at that distant past was a good way to
foresee the future.
“These studies give you a sense of the timing involved in
past ocean acidification events – they did not happen quickly,”
Feely said in a statement. “The decisions we make over the next
few decades could have significant implications on a geologic
(Editing by Peter Cooney)